India’s present population constitutes nearly 17.84% of the world population; however, the land share it has is 2.4% and it has 4% of total water resources of the world. Day by day, monsoons are becoming erratic, the groundwater level is lowering and water resources are getting more polluted than ever before. So what could be the ideal solution to sustainable development in India?
According to the FICCI -Tata Strategic Management Group (TSMG) report on the potential of Plasticultre in India, Plasticulture is a viable solution for India, to launch the 2nd Green revolution.
What is Plasticulture?
Plasticulture is an innovative process by which plastics are used in agriculture, horticulture, water management, food grains storage, and related areas. It can play an important role in facilitating the careful usage of water. The paucity of water, lower productivity, and inefficient use of fertilizer leading to a higher carbon footprint can all be taken care of by efficient use of Plasticulture.
The report also says that India’s agriculture output can be increased by INR 68,000 Cr by using Plasticulture applications.
Know About Micro-Irrigation As Well
It is estimated that appropriate applications of micro-irrigation technologies can result in water saving up to 50-70-%. Application of micro-irrigation can help in increasing productivity by 30 to 100 percent with a significant saving of water. Fertilizer use efficiency is also enhanced.
On the demand side, proper awareness about the potential benefits and subsidies available could help farmers to take adopt this technology. On the supply side, effort needs to be put in creating awareness through the exhibition, build credibility by post-installation management, technology advancement to bring down the capital cost, and develop viable bio-degradable substitutes thereby improving productivity while reducing the carbon footprint. There is a need to develop tailored solutions as per the local geographical conditions along with incorporating learning from other developing/developed economies.
The FICCI-TSMG report further recommends that it is imperative to leverage the knowledge base, which exists in the reputed Indian institutes and tacit understanding of extension services today. With an efficient industry approach supported by well-thought government policies and support, a second Green Revolution could be triggered.