After the massive public outcry followed by the heinous 2013 gang-rape in Delhi, the Government of India set up Nirbhaya Fund to ensure female safety and security. Under this dedicated fund called, the Government has been implementing various initiatives aimed at enhancing the safety and security of women in the country, which includes conducting regular workshops, self-defence programmes, gender sensitisation awareness campaigns, among others.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development has been selected as nodal authority by the Ministry of Finance for the appraisal of schemes received under Nirbhaya Fund. Besides, the Ministry of Finance has set up an Empowered Committee under the Chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development for appraising and approving various schemes/project proposals proposed to be funded from the Nirbhaya Fund. The concerned Ministries take up the sanction and implementation of the schemes/proposals so appraised as they do for their other schemes/projects.
Nirbhaya Fund was set up with a corpus of INR 1000 crore during 2013-14. Further, an amount of Rs 1000 crore was provided in 2014-15 and for the financial years 2016-17 and 2017-18, an amount of Rs. 550 crore. (each financial year) was provided under the Nirbhaya Fund. The corpus transferred to the Public Account for the Nirbhaya fund up to 2017-18 is INR 3100 crore.
Under the Nirbhaya fund, 22 proposals on women’s safety and security from Central Ministries and State Governments amounting to Rs.2209.19 Crores have been appraised and recommended by the Empowered Committee, recently.
Current projects under Nirbhaya Fund:
|S.No.||Name of the proposal and Ministry/ Department||Cost of Proposal(in crore)|
|1.||Emergency Response Support System, MHA||321.69|
|Creation of Investigative Units for Crime against Women (IUCAW), MHA||324|
|4.||Organized Crime Investigative Agency (OCIA), MHA||83.2|
|5.||Cyber Crime Prevention against Women & Children (CCPWC), MHA||195.83|
|6.||Proposal for providing facility of Social Workers/Counsellors at the District and Sub- Divisional Police Station Level in Delhi, Delhi Police/MHA||5.07|
|7.||New building with women centric facilities for Special Unit for Women & Children (SPUWAC) and Special Unit for North East Region (SPUNER) at Nanakpura, Delhi Police/MHA||23.53|
|8.||Integrated Emergency Response Management System (IEMRS), Ministry of Railways||500|
|9.||Development & Field Testing of panic Switch based safety Device for Cars and Buses for aiding Women’s Safety, MeiTY||3.5|
|10.||Abhaya Project Proposal for safety of women and girl child, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh||138.49|
|11.||Chirali Proposal, Women Empowerment Directorate, Govt. of Rajasthan||10.2|
|12.||One Stop Centre, MWCD||119.69|
|13.||Universalisation of Women Helpline, MWCD||69.49|
|14.||Proposal on implementation of Mahila Police Volunteers Scheme in two districts, namely, Karnal and Mahendragarh, Govt. of Haryana||1.29|
|15.||Proposal on implementation of Mahila Police Volunteers Scheme in two districts, namely, Anantapur and Kadapa, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh||2.25|
|16.||Proposal on implementation of Mahila Police Volunteers Scheme in two districts, namely, Surat and Ahmedabad, Govt. of Gujarat||1.27|
|17.||Capacity Building at Village/ District/ State level for reducing violence against women, Govt. of Uttarakhand||0.72|
|18.||Training women for heavy passengers vehicles, Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation, Govt. of Karnataka||10.54|
|19.||Smart and safe cities free from violence against women and girls’ programme, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh||1.74|
|20.||Safe city project, Govt. of Odisha||110.35|
|21.||Installation of CCTVs in buses, UPSRTC, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh||83.5|
|22.||Nirbhaya Shelter Home||2.84|